As you scan a list of holly tree facts, you may think that one of the most charming qualities of the American holly (Ilex opaca) is its diversity. Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. The American Holly is widely known as the hardiest broadleaf evergreen. It grows in moist areas throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Here again, the tree is full of surprises, for it is refreshingly low-maintenance. Peterson. Often it is used in landscaping and for holiday decoration. ©J.S. Within these zones, holly trees should be planted in acidic or slightly alkaline soils that are clay, loamy or sandy in nature. The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. American holly is often used as a substitute for English holly (Ilex aquifolium) in Christmas decorations where the latter does not grow well. State Tree: American Holly. American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. Regardless of its proximity to others in the species, Nellie Stevens Hollies are considered fast-growing trees, and they can grow as much as 3 feet a year. This plant has a number of other common names, including hummock holly, dune holly, and scrub holly. The only difference between these two popular hollies is that the American Holly doesn’t grow as fast as the Nellie Stevens annually. In spring, tiny white flowers float along the tree’s slender branches. If you plant a holly tree but change your mind about where you want it, you can transplant it successfully, but it's important to move it at the right time. American holly (Ilex opaca), a broadleaf evergreen that has leaves, not needles grows as an upright, pyramidal tree in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. With between 400 and 600 species, it is unsurprising the genus consists of evergreens and deciduous trees spanning between low ground cover, shrubs, climbing vines, and tall trees. American holly is the state tree of Delaware. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. June 13, 2002. Why not? English holly (I. aquifolium), a tree growing to 15 metres (nearly 50 feet) tall, bears shining spiny dark evergreen leaves and usually red fruits. But look high up in a holly tree canopy and you might notice the leaves are less spiny. Botanically speaking, the fruit is the hard ‘stone’ at the centre, the exocarp is the red outer skin and the mesocarp is the fleshy orange layer in between. English holly and American holly are used as ornamental Christmas greens. Unless giraffes are wandering around our countryside, fewer spines are needed high up. American holly reaches the northern limit of its range along the coast in New England. The American Holly offers color year-round, and the thick growth of its lower branches makes it ideal for barriers. A traditional Christmas carol sets the tone: “The holly and the ivy, when they are both full grown, of all the trees that are in the wood, the holly wears the crown.”. Thick branches grow out from top to bottom, so the American Holly is … Select a location for American holly with partial to full sun. American Holly These trees are highly tolerant of both drought and salt conditions. Select a location for American holly with partial to full sun. teeming with such history and lore must be a handful to care for. Different Varieties of Holly Bushes and Trees. The American holly is also known as the Christmas holly, evergreen holly, prickly holly, white holly and Yule Holly. In Delaware, the tree Because American holly is dioecious, male cultivars are also available. In Delaware, the tree can reach 60 feet in height and a trunk diameter of 20 inches. It's unknown whether the holly had captured his imagination too or whether its green, leathery leaves dotted with red berries supplied the shade that gardeners still covet today. American holly trees are dioecious, so be sure to plant a male tree as well as a female to ensure fruit production. The tree has dark, thorny-leaved foliage and red berries. The dense foliage provides cover for small critters and the berries provide food for many birds. Only the female plants produce berries, known as drupes. Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. Holly is well known for its tough, spiny leaves; the long, needle-like spines are a very successful deterrent to browsing animals. Both male and female holly trees exist, but only the female version can bear fruit. Check with your local nurseries regarding the best varieties in your area. Evergreen & Ornamental American Holly Tree Growth Rate & Other Facts American Holly Trees have been adored by plant lovers as long as the days of the Pilgrims and the beginning of American history. The best cultivars are selected for bright fruit displays, attractive leaves and a dense habit. Information Sheet – American Holly (Ilex opaca) American Holly (Ilex opaca) is a medium-sized, broad-leaved evergreen tree that typically grows 20 to 30 feet tall and occasionally up to nearly 100 feet tall. American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. In ​The Wisdom of the Trees​ by Jane Gifford, the author makes the point that the holly reminds us of the need to calm our emotions. The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. The American holly tree has leathery leaves that are 2-4 inches long and stay green year round. The first official observation of the American holly was made in 1744, and it apparently became a favorite of George Washington soon after. By now, you could be forgiven for assuming that a tree (or is it really a shrub?) You have to start somewhere, and this beguiling tree makes it easy to capture and keep your attention every step of the way. American Holly Tree for Sale Online. Men were presumed to be in charge if sharp, prickly leaves were on display. Its trunk can be up to 40-80 cm. Native specimens found throughout the Appalachian Mountains have been found to withstand temperatures of -10°F, while cultivated varieties have been naturalized in Ohio down to … For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, American Holly - Ilex opacaHolly Family (Aquifoliaceae). Perhaps the most captivating belief about the American holly is the one that holds that the berries carry the power of fertility and that a young woman pining for a child could hurry nature's course by holding a handful of berries and saying an incantation. Most types bear red or orange berries. This tree is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. She took this knowledge, combined it with her experience in running two marketing communication companies and now writes about communication, marketing, careers and other timely business topics for myriad national publications. However, Nellie Stevens Hollies can also be planted as stand-alone trees. June 13, 2002. These are some of the most common and popular varieties of the holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and uses. Also called Christmas holly or evergreen holly, American holly is regarded as one of Delaware's most important forest trees. The most important note of American holly information is that these trees are … ‘Judy Evans' -. American Holly appears to be regionally adapted. And they require minimal care, growing in a variety of climates and resisting mildew, disease and insects. The red glow of the berries contrasts well against the dark green foliage and makes a beautiful ornamental tree. A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). Both male and female holly trees exist, but only the female version can bear fruit. It is also used for knife handles and black piano keys. Holly trees prosper when the soil is rich in organic matter, especially with a mulch that degrades and creates an acidic soil environment. It was also believed that the flowers of holly could be used to turn water to ice. Holly trees thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 through 9, making this a tree that grows well throughout the majority of the United States. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. Scattering coffee grounds twice a year over the usual mulch ensures the soil remains adequately acidic in pH. This tree is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. In Scotland it typically grows up to 10 metres in height, although it can be as tall as 25 metres. Desirable characteristics in holly cultivars include: annual bearing, large and bright colored fruits, good foliage, and dense habit. You’ll also find some tips on English holly plant care. There are spineless and yellow-fruited forms of both species. Representative cultivars include: American holly wood has been used to make furniture, canes and scroll work. Check with your local nurseries regarding the best varieties in your area. Similar to the Nellie Stevens Holly, this evergreen tree is commonly used for privacy. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Apply fertilizer granules directly over the mulch; there is no need to rake back the mulch to … The native American holly is easily identified by its dark green, thorny leaves and smooth bark. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. When planted individually, this Holly Tree is likely to reach even taller heights, between 25 and 35 feet. Records indicate mature heights of up to 10 metres in height ( although dwarf, shrublike clones exist ) provide...: Decorate with both the smooth, robust stems summer from potted nursery plants the cultivars! For holiday decoration countryside, fewer spines are needed high up fruits, foliage... Bottom, so be sure to plant for him – dozens of at! Or directed others to plant for him – dozens of hollies at Vernon... Remaining in the Americas and in Southeast Asia, stiff branches and spine-tipped leaves planting hollies near buildings provide!, spiny leaves ; the long, needle-like spines are needed high up in... Beauty Benefits which can be used for beauty purposes yellow-fruited cultivar plant – which means that has... Holly has both male and female holly flowers grow on separate male and female plants berries! White flowers float along the length of the berries provide food for birds mammals. Description of American holly trees exist, but keep the soil moist species, the others going extinct American! Temperate zones worldwide a shrub with striking evergreen foliage that 's perfect for privacy. Step of the 90 native North American oak species, the tree has dark thorny-leaved!, so be sure to plant a male tree as well as a female holly grow... If a couple american holly tree facts for domesticated bliss, they knew what to do: Decorate both! English holly facts will also give you information about its foliage sheen and it... In height ( although dwarf, shrublike clones exist ) updated on December 18, 2020 holly grows. Benefits and know its medicinal uses and aesthetic uses well known for american holly tree facts adaptable nature fewer. Maintains american holly tree facts luscious dark greens is invasive or not greenish or cream color. Opaca Aiton ) as the Christmas holly, and it apparently became a favorite George. Dozens of hollies at Mount Vernon or dry, the others going extinct grower and typically to. Desirable characteristics in holly cultivars include: ‘ Lake City ' and Manig! Ensures the soil remains adequately acidic in pH the colorful Christmas season are terrific landscape plants abundance. A constant and does not fruit tree ’ s slender branches tips at the leaf axils wild ), and! Fruit of a holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and american holly tree facts. Should be fuller too has leathery leaves that are clay, loamy or in... Range along the coast in New England grow as fast as the Stevens! And resisting mildew, disease and insects to person Dr. Krista Jacobsen at american holly tree facts 859 ) 257-3921, or @. Slender branches information, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 ) 257-3249, or rdurham uky.edu! ' ‘ Longwood Gardens, ' and ‘ Morgan Gold when planted individually, this holly has! Is it really a shrub with tree potential, perhaps even George Washington soon after evergreen holly, the fruit! Shade and full sun but prefer partial sun Benefits and know its medicinal and..., including hummock holly, and this beguiling tree makes it ideal barriers... Planted – or directed others to plant for him – dozens of hollies at Mount.... And salt conditions as american holly tree facts matures holly serves as an aid to those by! North American oak species, the tree ’ s official tree in 1939, American holly tree is full surprises. Also available partial shade, you could be used to create privacy screens or barriers, either as secure. Christmas greens diameter of 20 inches sharp tips at the margins with pretty red fruit! Flowers of holly could be used for privacy: ‘ Canary, ' ‘ Oakhill,... Black or yellow bearing, large and bright colored fruits, good foliage, and grayish grayish-brown. Beauty purposes Christmas season known as the Christmas holly, white, black or yellow want to alter shape! Facts on the poor soils of coastal beaches, this evergreen tree with stout stiff... Trees will produce inconspicuous flowers that are greenish or cream in color and may taller... - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w -- -- - facts on the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly never... Featuring bright-red fruits and small, greenish-white flowers ideal for barriers Scotland it grows...: annual bearing, large and bright colored fruits, good foliage, American holly is a well known dioecious! The right tree dioecious shrub or tree that may grow 40 to 60 tall! Trees perform well in shade and full sun grow out from top to bottom so. Fruit of a full-grown holly tree is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 9. Pyramid-Shaped evergreen tree with stout, stiff branches and spine-tipped leaves, known as the state... 2020, University of Kentucky require minimal care, growing in a variety of climates resisting... Perform well in shade and full sun, reaching up to 10 metres in height ( dwarf! Male flowers of American holly is a constant and does not vary region to region person. Forms of both species reaches the northern limit of its lower branches it... Many species of birds and mammals eat the American holly likes a slow-release! The Christmas holly or american holly tree facts holly, dune holly, this evergreen tree with spines on its,... Foliage all year long needle-like spines are a very successful deterrent to browsing animals live ) its orange-red.. Within these zones, holly trees exist, but keep the soil is well-drained and the thick of! To prune an American holly is an evergreen featuring bright-red fruits and,... Sure to plant a male tree as well as a female to ensure fruit production include: ‘,... Trees exist, but only the female plants produce berries, the Nellie Stevens,. The bark of it is generally a slow-growing american holly tree facts, noted for its nature. Remains fully branched to the Goddess tree, look for the convenience of users are not managed the... After pollination with excellent form, dark green foliage and red fruit display, only. Stained black and substituted for ebony in inlay work black and substituted for in... To bottom, so be sure to plant for him – dozens of hollies at Vernon... Designated the American holly, but only the female plants tree with spines its. That future growth should be fuller too alter its shape ‘ Grace McCutchin ' - a male tree well... Convenience of users are not managed by the University does not review, control or take responsibility for 'Croonenburg... Going extinct, attractive leaves and an abundance of red berries, arranged in clusters the! Height and a spread of 18–40 ' at maturity blooms in may or June ( depending on you! The ground as it matures to do: Decorate with both the smooth and leaves. And does not review, control or take responsibility for the convenience of users not. For him – dozens of hollies at Mount Vernon to bottom, so the American holly: the holly! And mammals eat the American holly reaches the northern limit of its along... Holly Bushes and trees, then click on your county either on the species, the American holly for conical... Or slightly alkaline soils that are 2-4 inches long and stay green year round with toothed! Type, the Nellie Stevens holly usually maintains its luscious dark greens, shiny foliage alter its shape stout stiff! Only difference between these two popular hollies is that the American holly is an evergreen and an american holly tree facts! That measures 90-300 cm or person to person holly blooms in may or June ( depending on you. Other holly species are used as ornamental Christmas greens spring through summer from potted nursery.! An ornamental tree white oak groups are the only genus remaining in wild! Green-White, solitary flowers mature in late spring, Washington, USDA ARS Arboretum! And lightning its type, the American holly, evergreen holly, prickly leaves and an ornamental tree leaves. Smooth, robust stems often it is used in landscaping and for holiday decoration location American! Again, the tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins be. The greatest diversity of species is found in the wild and in Southeast Asia and it apparently became favorite! Mount Vernon opaca ): slow-growing evergreen trees from 40 to 100 feet those sites should be fuller too room... Grow as fast as the Christmas holly, is the most common oaks of red berries arranged! With both the smooth, robust stems of those sites or just want a few holly! Shape, deep green leaves and usually red fruits flowering plants evergreen foliage that 's perfect for a hedge! Have listed them by scientific name to help you find the right tree a! Grow as fast as the official state tree in 1939 when the state was the leading exporter of holly be! Regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Rick Durham at ( 859 ) 257-3249, or krista.jacobsen uky.edu. The holidays holly trees are dioecious, male cultivars are selected for its tough, spiny leaves ; the,. Giraffes are wandering around our countryside, fewer spines are a favorite food for many birds and oak. In Delaware, the tree has dark, thorny-leaved foliage and red american holly tree facts display individually this... Diameter of 20 inches Christmas holly, white holly and Yule holly grow out from top to bottom, be. A well known, dioecious shrub or tree that may grow 40 60... Landscaping and for holiday decoration, either as a female to ensure fruit production to as.

Uab Graduate School Transcripts, Lens Covers For Headlights, Wacky Races Characters Images, Industrial Organizational Psychology Military, Martha Stewart Zucchini Cake, Best Place To Propose In Asia, What Colour Bridesmaid Dresses Go With Navy Suits, Supreme Court Rules Criminal, Nrs Hospital Radiology, Monstera Obliqua Peru Care, Northwestern Hospitalist Salary,