0000008081 00000 n 21 17 Devotees attend each Mass (which is different from the otherwise Advent liturgy of the day elsewhere) in anticipation of Christ's birth and to honour the Virgin Mary, along with the belief that attending the novena ensures fulfilment of a favour requested of God. If there is a tangible memory the first circumnavigation of world left in the Philippines, it is the sacred image of the Child Jesus. This settlement became the capital of the new Spanish colony, with Legazpi as its first governor. … [7][8], In 1521, the Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan under the service of Spain came across the Philippines while searching for the Spice Islands. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. They had trade contacts with early Malayan Rajahs and Datos that had ruled these various Islands. <]>> The second most important religious season is Lent, which commemorates Christ's Passion and Death, ending with Easter which celebrates the Resurrection. Sitoy's work is one more contribution to Christianity's history in the Philippines, a task spurred on by the fourth centennial celebrations of the Christianization of the country held in 1965. The History of the Establishment and Expansion of Christianity in the Philippines Christianity in the Philippines dates back to the Spanish colonization. The Catholic Church has released the official theme and logo for the fifth centenary of Christianity in the Philippines. On 14 April 2021, the Philippines will celebrate the first baptism in the country, which is featured in the logo of 500 Year of Christianity, led by the Archdiocese of Cebu. Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, "Philippines still top Christian country in Asia, 5th in world", "Timor-Leste: A young nation with strong faith and heavy burdens", http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/~honkawa/9460.html, "Islam : What Do Muslims Think About Jesus? Processions are a staple throughout the week, the most important being on Holy Wednesday, Good Friday (where the burial of Christ is reenacted with a town's Santo Entierro image) and the joyous Salubong that precedes the first Mass on Easter Sunday. With his arrival in Cebu on March 17, 1521, his first attempt was to colonize the islands and to Christianise its inhabitants. 0000006147 00000 n The first Europeans to Japan came from Portugal and landed on Kyushu in western Japan in 1542, bringing both gunpowder and Christianity along with them. Christians celebrate important holidays in many different ways, the most important of which are Christmas, Lent and Holy Week, All Souls' Day, as well as many local fiestas honouring patron saints and especially the Virgin Mary. Popular holiday spots such as Boracay often dispense with these customs, while many people use the long holiday for overseas travel instead of observing the traditional rites. Sultanates in Mindanao retained the Islamic faith, which had been present in the southern Philippines since some time between the 10th and 12th century, had slowly spread north throughout the archipelago, particularly in coastal areas. The Philippines is approximately 85 percent Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 10 percent Muslim, and 5 percent 'other' religions, including the Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of Chinese and the 'indigenous' animistic beliefs of some peoples in upland areas that resisted 300 years of Spanish colonial rule. 0000000016 00000 n Filipino infants and individuals are more often than not expected to be baptised as Christians to affirm faith in Christ and membership in a specific denomination.[12]. Description: The Philippines is the 5th largest Christian country on Earth, with about 90% of the population being adherents. xref 0000000636 00000 n Fenella Cannell, 1999, Power and Intimacy in the Christian Philippines. The National Council of Churches in the Philippines, a community of Protestant churches, was formed in 1963. Early Christian presence in the Malay archipelago and the Philippine Islands may be traced to Arab Christiantraders from the Arabian Peninsula. In addition, most any place that has a patron saint (often barangays, towns, Catholic schools, and almost every church) holds a fiesta, where the saint's image is processed and feted with traditional foods, funfairs, and live entertainment on his/her feast day, which is often declared a holiday for the area. It is also one of two predominantly Roman Catholic nations in Asia (the other being East Timor) and, as of 2010[update], was the third largest Catholic country in the world. Unión Espiritista Cristiana de Filipinas, Inc. Atheism, Agnosticism and other forms of Irreligion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christianity_in_the_Philippines&oldid=971906251, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Majority throughout the country (except in the. Christianity then spread through the missionary work of his apostles, first in the Levant and taking roots in the major cities such as Jerusalem and Antioch. Theatre troupes or towns meanwhile stage Passion plays called Senákulo, which are similar to its European predecessors in that there is no universal text, that actors and crew are often ordinary townsfolk, and that it depicts Biblical scenes related to Salvation History other than the Passion. trailer 0000006235 00000 n The Philippines is the 5th largest Christian country on Earth, with about 90% of the population being adherents. David J. Steinberg, 1982, The Philippines: A Singular and a Plural Place. Adapted from the ancient Filipino art of orally transmitting poems through chant, the devotion is usually performed by groups of individuals, each member chanting in shifts to ensure complete, unbroken recitation of the text. They had trade contacts with early Malayan Rajahs and Datos that had ruled these various Islands. The Visita Iglesia is the praying of the Stations of the Cross in several churches (often numbering seven) on either Maundy Thursday or Good Friday. 0 His work attempts to tell "not Cebu is a province in the Philippines consisting of the Cebu Island and many other surrounding islands. Christianity in Asia has its roots in the very inception of Christianity, which originated from the life and teachings of Jesus in 1st-century Roman Judea. Christmas is the biggest holiday, and one of its most beloved rites is the Simbang Gabi or Misa de Gallo, a series of Masses held before dawn in the nine days preceding Christmas Day. 0000000918 00000 n 500 Years of Christianity In 2021 the Philippines will mark half a millennium of Christianity in the country. sion between the traditional religion of the native Filipinos and Catholicism. 0000004231 00000 n With the spread of Islam in Arabia, much of the Christian heritage of Arabia had ended and the Arab travelers focused more on spreading Islam to Mindanao,[6] through which they transmitted the knowledge of Jesus as a prophet to the Moro people. A History of Christianity in the Philippines: The initial encounter Volume 1 of A History of Christianity in the Philippines, T. Valentino Sitoy Author T. Valentino Sitoy Publisher New Day Publishers, 1985 Original from the University CEBU CITY – The Roman Catholic Church in the country has bared the series of events to highlight the commemoration of the 500th anniversary of … Father Picardal pointed out that the Church played an important role through various periods in Philippine history, from the time of the Philippine Revolution in 1896 down to the American colonial period, the immediate post-World War II era, the martial law years, and even now under President Rodrigo Duterte’s authoritarian rule, marked by a bloody war on drugs. 0000003292 00000 n Around 5.6%[3] of the whole country is Muslim; about 1-2% are Buddhist; 1.8% of the entire population adheres to other independent religions, while 1.0% to 11.0%[4] are irreligious. Examples of patronal fiestas are the Nativity of St John the Baptist every June 24, where communities under his patronage would celebrate his summertime birth by splashing other people with water, and the triduum of feasts known as the Obando Fertility Rites held in mid-May, where devotees dance for fertility in a custom that has ancient animist roots. 30. After Magellan died, the Spanish later sent Miguel López de Legazpi. And this is indeed something to celebrate, for in 500 years the Christian faith in the country has not only survived but has been a strong influence in … Earlier, beginning in 1350, Islam had been spreading northward from Indonesia into the Philippine archipelago. startxref 0000005229 00000 n Later, these Arab traders along with Persian Nestorians, stopped by … (other two nations are Brazil and Mexico). Television and radio limit broadcasting hours and air mostly inspirational programming alongside the days' religious services; newspapers are also on hiatus, while shopping malls and most restaurants are closed to allow employees to return home. Later, these Arab traders along with Persian Nestorians, stopped by the Philippines on their way to Southern China for trade purposes. Communities also hold the Santacruzan, which is part-procession honouring the finding of the Cross (on its old Galician date), and part-fashion show for a town's maidens. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 500 Years of Christianity in the Philippines THE ELEMENTS The CROSS signifies the Christian sign of salvation. %PDF-1.6 %���� [11] He then established the first Permanent Spanish Settlement in Cebu in 1565. allowed Christianity to take r oot, develop, and dominate in the Philippines. Gregorio Aglipay, the founder of Iglesia Filipina Independiente. 0000002377 00000 n 21 0 obj <> endobj The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. %%EOF Spain introduced Christianity to the Philippines in 1565 with the arrival of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. The Philippines has two lines of … Christian Church History in the Philippines 5121, Roman Catholicism in the Philippines In 1521, the Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan, under Spain’s service (Spanish Expedition), was on a mission to discover the “Spice Islands.” He … Quezon City, Philippines : New Day … Thus, the Church and Christianity is an integral part of Philippine history and culture. For most Filipinos, the belief in God permeates many aspects of life. ROMAN CATHOLICISM IN THE PHIL| A BRIEF HISTO FIESTAS: If there is one Catholic tradition the Spaniards left the Filipinos with, it’s the celebration of a patron saint's feast. x�b```f``�����0۟����2�@q� �?�``������z��v��Wa�>��30 �u10H�E��20103�2�0�0�0�0�302[3�2ݞsh6� ����l@����0a`R� Ҍ@� � �0� [9] This resistance to Western intrusion makes this story an important part of the nationalist history of the Philippines. Filipino historians like Dr. Renato Constantino asserted that no Philippine history can be complete without a study of Muslim development (1990:29). 0000005138 00000 n Practises include the continuous melodic recital of the Pasyón, a 17th-century epic poem which narrates Biblical stories and the life of Christ, with a focus on the Passion narrative (hence its name). 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